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Sport and massage
Sport and massage have been probably been connected since we started to move. It has been emerged that nowadays, as it has been priory, we cannot imagine to ourselves that a champion or a sport team does not have a professional masseuse. Being an athlete – may it be that you train for your health, you compete or just love sports – means that for a long and healthy „sport career „you have to take care of your body by doing warm-ups before training and stretch after.
The biggest mistake that a so called Monday athlete could do is to leave out priory mentioned exercises and also the massage. Hardly anyone enjoys injuries that have evolved after wrongly made training or by simply neglecting two-three warm ups and stretching. All the more these small injuries tend to emerge later as chronic mood killers and may even become the reason why one has to give up on the sport he/she loves.
Taking massage regularly one can prevent and restore a lot, improve and maintain most of the physique not to mention the mental wellbeing that has a grate scale at free time, training, at the work place, school…
The main sport massage styles:
- Reproductive – to accelerate athletes physical and mental recovery, after tense sporting activity
- Improving, healing – to relive athletes easier injuries and powerlessness
- Rehabilitating – to improve healing from heavier injuries
- Conserving – to accelerate athletes recovery from intense exercises, enhance slashed working condition and help to maintain optimal health
- At the time of competition – help the athlete to prepare or recover from the contest condition.
Doing the massage, one should consider the condition of the client, in sports besides individuality there comes also the specifics of sports. Next I will point out some sports and the main areas that need attention.
The most impact is on joints, because of the continuous contusion: hip- and knee joints and ankles. Depending on the foot balance, the tensions arise with some alterations in the muscle-skeleton system.
Long distance: the back of the thigh muscle, knees, heels, lower back muscles, muscular bulb, abdominal muscle group, deltoid and trapezium.
Sprint: the back of the thigh muscles, calf muscles, lower back muscles and muscular bulb.
Because shorter accelerations assume more power in raising the foot higher and increasing the step frequency, running on balls of feet influences more pressure on shins and flat of the feet. Running on the stadium one way curves increases the pressure to the inner hip and foot. The injuries of the back thigh muscle and groin may emerge from the starting blocks at the start. Because of the accelerations there are frequent tensions in the neck.
Constant bended posture ends with tension in lower back, necks stretching muscles, shoulder and chest muscles, trapezius, hands, wrists, thighs, buttocks, and legs. Tensions in the wrists may emerge because the grip of the hand – constant flexor tension.
The tension is for all the body. The tensions emerge, when stabilizing muscles are not strong enough, the technique is not correct or the weights are too heavy. One side of the body is frequently weaker than the other and it may deepen with time. It is important to train all muscle groups to maintain the balance between the muscles, because usually the injuries happen when the muscles are out of balance.
Cross-country: abdomen, shoulder muscles, hands, thigh quadriceps, thigh benders.
Free technique: the most pressure is on the knees and hip joints
Slalom: the body is in constant tension.
The most tension assembles to arms. Elbow joint, shoulder joint, deltoid muscle, trapezium lower part. The fault in the tension in elbows and arms is usually because of bad posture, technique or overload tension.
Squash: adding to prior in squash the tension also goes to bottoms, thighs, legs, knees, ankles and lower back. Squash is a tremendous load on back muscles, while the abdominal muscles are not as well trained which means that the back might start to hurt. The easiest solution would be to add abdominal exercises to the training because abdominal muscles support the back.
Knees are being affected by continuous jumping and landing, also squatting half leaves the lateral knee hamstrings loose, which predisposes injuries. Legs and Achilles tendons hurt because of jumping. Thigh flexors are intense and chest and shoulder muscles are intense because of holding the hands up all the time.
The knee injuries happen usually because of frequent turns while running and kicking. Hips, groin, legs, knees and ankles are intense. Running with high speed, accelerations and braking cause micro injuries in muscles and tissue.
Sport is a way of life. Do it with knowledge, quality and longer, taking care of yourself.